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How to celebrate the Lantern Festival?

2017.02.10   卡卡君

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元宵节(the Lantern Festival),又称上元节、小正月、元夕或灯节,是春节之后的第一个重要节日,是中国亦是汉字文化圈的地区和海外华人的传统节日之一。早在2000多年前的汉朝就有了元宵节这一传统节日,正月是农历的元月,古人称夜为“宵”,而十五日又是一年中第一个月圆之夜,所以称正月十五为元宵节,在中国人眼里,过完元宵节才算过完春节。


元宵词汇知多少

the Lantern Festival 元宵节

rice glue ball 元宵

glutinous rice 糯米

lion / dragon dance 舞龙/舞狮

guess lantern riddles 猜灯谜

play couplets game 对对联

enjoy beautiful lanterns 赏花灯

snuff 灯花

exhibit of lanterns 灯会

dragon lantern dancing 耍龙灯

walking on stilts 踩高跷

land boat dancing 划旱船

yangko/yangge dance 扭秧歌

beating drums while dancing 打太平鼓

drum dance 腰鼓舞

fireworks party 焰火大会

traditional opera 戏曲

variety show/vaudeville 杂耍

Lantern Festival's temple fair 元宵庙会

colored lanterns' temple fair 彩灯庙会


元宵会话小示范

A: When is the Lantern Festival?

元宵节是什么时候?

B: It's on the 15th of January on the lunar calendar.

是在农历的一月十五日。


A: How do you celebrate the Lantern Festival?

你们怎么庆祝元宵节?

B: In the evening we hang thousands of colorful lanterns out for people to enjoy.

晚上我们会挂起五颜六色的灯笼,大家一起赏灯。

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A: Any special food for the Lantern Festival?

元宵节有什么特别的食物吗?

B: We will eat Yuanxiao,and it's made with sticky rice flour filled with sweet stuffing.

我们会吃元宵,是用糯米和甜馅做的。

A: Oh, that must be delicious.

噢,一定很好吃。

B:Yeah, and Yuanxiao symbolizes family unity, completeness and happiness.

是的,而且元宵还象征着家庭团圆、完整和幸福。


A: What do the characters on the lanterns say?

灯笼上的字写的是什么啊?

B: They are puzzles. It's a tradition to solve the puzzles on the lanterns during the Lantern Festival.

它们是灯谜。元宵节猜灯笼上的灯谜是一个传统。


元宵诗词同欣赏

元夕 苏味道

火树银花合,星桥铁锁开。

暗尘随马去,明月逐人来。

游妓皆秾李,行歌尽落梅。

金吾不禁夜,玉漏莫相催。


The Lantern Festival Night 

by Su Weidao

The light is brightly, 

tonight the no-go area is opening.


The horse gallop that stirred up the dust,

the moon seemed to follow the people.


The young singing girls look more beautiful, 

they walk and sing songs.


The capital guards does not work tonight, 

the drum will not urge the people back home.


生查子·元夕 欧阳修

去年元夜时,花市灯如昼。

月上柳梢头,人约黄昏后。

今年元夜时,月与灯依旧。

不见去年人,泪湿春衫袖。


At Lantern Festival - Tune: Song of Hawthorn 

by Ouyang Xiu

In the Lantern Festival night of last year,

The flowers market was bright as daylight.


When the moon hung behind the willows,

Young people went out on dates under them.


In the Lantern Festival night of this year’s,

The moon and the lanterns were the same.


But I could not find last year's date of mine,

My sleeves of festival dress are wet with tears.


青玉案·元夕 辛弃疾

东风夜放花千树,更吹落,星如雨。

宝马雕车香满路,凤萧声动,玉壶光转,一夜鱼龙舞 。

蛾儿雪柳黄金缕,笑语盈盈暗香去。

众里寻他千百度,蓦然回首, 那人却在,灯火阑珊处。


The Lantern Festival Night - to the tune of Green Jade Table 

by Xin Qiji

One night's east wind adorns a thousand trees with flowers

And blows down stars in showers.

Fine steeds and carved cabs spread fragrance en route;

Music vibrates from the flute;

The moon sheds its full light

While fish and dragon lanterns dance all night.


In gold-thread dress, with moth or willow ornaments,

Giggling, she melts into the throng with trails of scents

But in the crowd once and again

I look for her in vain.

When all at once I turn my head,

I find her there where lantern light is dimly shed.


元宵灯谜过过招

中文字谜(打一字)


谜面

1.一对红

2.一百减二

3.二小姐

4.二十四小时

5.三叠泉

6.三十天

7.四连冠

8.八十八

9.九十九

10.九重天上

11.十五天


谜底

1.赫

2.杂

3.姿

4.旧

5.淼

6.音

7.宁

8.米

9.白

10.杠

11.胖


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英文灯谜

1. What will you break once you say it? (什么东西一说出来就打破?)

2. Will liars be honest after they die? (骗子死了之后会诚实吗?)

3. What always goes up and never goes down? (什么东西只升不降?)

4. Why did the boy make his dog sit in the sun? (男孩为什么让他的狗坐在阳光下?)

5. Why can a bride hide nothing?(为什么新娘子什么也藏不住?)

6. Why is the library the highest building?(为什么图书馆是最高的建筑物?)

7. What is the smallest bridge in the world? (世界上最小的桥梁是什么?)

8. What is the difference between the North Pole and the South Pole? (北极与南极的区别是什么?)

9. What makes naughty boys long to work in a clock factory? (淘气的男孩为什么想去钟表厂工作?)

10. What bird lifts heavy things? (什么鸟能举起重物?)

11. A ship can contain only fifty persons. Now there is alreadyforty-nine person in it. At this time,a pregnant woman comes on andboards the ship. The shipsinks. Why? (有一艘船只能容纳50人,现在已有49人。这时一位孕妇上了船,船就沉了。为什么?)

12. What's the poorest bank in the world? (世界的最贫穷的银行是什么?)

13. What month do soldiers hate?(军人憎恨什么月?) 


1. Silence. (沉默)

2. No, they won’t. They lie still after they die。(不会,他们依旧撒谎。Lie still 躺着不动,依旧撒谎。)

3. Your age. (你的年龄)

4. He wants to have a hot dog. (他想要一条热狗。)

5. Because someone will give her away. (因为有人会揭发她。Give away 揭发,在婚礼上把新娘交给新郎)

6. It has the most stories. (它的楼层最多。Story 故事,楼层)

7. The bridge of a nose. (鼻梁)

8. A whole world. (整个世界。 a world of difference 天壤之别)

9. They want to make faces. (make face 做鬼脸,做钟表面)

10. Crane. (鹤。Crane鹤,举重机)

11. Because is a pigboat. (那是潜水艇。pigboat,潜水艇)

12.The river bank。(河岸。)

13.March。(行军。)

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